Data encryption is a process that converts plain text data into a coded format called cypher text. The sender and the intended receiver can only read that. This ensures that any unauthorized person, such as a “man in the middle” attacker, cannot access the data and protects the users’ privacy. Only those who possess the secret or decryption key can decode the cypher text back to its original form. Data encryption helps to prevent data breaches and protect against cyber-attacks by making it difficult for unauthorized parties to access sensitive information.