Cyber Risk Awareness for Operational Technology  

OT

A customizable course to enable your workforce with the expertise to safeguard critical operations and proactively prevent breaches in industrial sectors, leading to strengthened security and optimized operations. 

Audience
Learning Time
Employees and Contractors
30-35 minutes
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About this course

This course provides an understanding of OT systems and essential cyber security practices to protect them from potential cyber threats and vulnerabilities effectively. 

1
Section 1: Introduction to OT

What is OT? 

What is ICS? 

What is SCADA? 

Common industrial sectors using OT systems 

OT vs. IT domain 

IT-OT convergence 

What is OT cyber security? 

Importance of OT cyber security 

2

Section 2: OT Threat Landscape  

This section provides examples of real case studies and associated risks regarding the data breach under OT. Also, the section makes employees aware of the security threats related to OT systems. 

OT security breaches – Real case studies 

Security threats to OT systems  

Malware infiltration via removable media 

Malware infection via the Internet and intranet 

Insider threats 

DDoS attacks and IoT botnets 

OS system vulnerabilities 

AI exploitation vulnerabilities 

3

Section 3: Cyber Security Best Practices for OT Systems  

This section provides the best practices employees can adopt to protect themselves from potential threats. Also, it defines OT security incidents and emphasizes the need to report them promptly. 

Securing physical premises 

Safe usage of email and internet for OT systems 

Safe usage of removable media devices for OT systems 

Securing access credentials

What is an OT security incident?

Report security incidents and suspicious activities 

4

Section 4: Summary and Assessment

This section summarizes the key takeaways from this course. Also, an assessment towards the end to test the knowledge level and understanding. 

Summary

Assessment

Frequently Asked Questions

OT

Operational Technology, OT, involves using hardware and software to manage industrial machinery, primarily focusing on direct interaction with the physical environment. Examples of OT applications include SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition), PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers), Industrial Control Systems (ICSs), etc.

OT is important in industrial settings because it enables precise control and automation of critical processes, ensuring efficiency, safety, reliability, and data-driven decision-making, while reducing costs.

Operational Technology (OT) oversees physical industrial processes, such as manufacturing, energy, and transportation machinery. It aims to improve efficiency, safety, and reliability in these sectors. On the other hand, Information Technology (IT) focuses on digital data processing, storage, and communication. It benefits multiple sectors and improves data management, security, and digital interaction.

The vulnerability of operational technology systems to cyber threats highlights the relationship between OT and cyber security. Safeguarding OT is crucial to ensuring industrial operations’ safety, reliability, and integrity and preventing potential disruptions and financial damages caused by cyberattacks.

Common cyber security risks in operational technology (OT) systems include malware infections, legacy vulnerabilities, network segmentation issues, insider threats, weak authentication, unpatched systems, supply chain vulnerabilities, physical access risks, human errors, monitoring gaps, regulatory compliance challenges, data integrity concerns, and safety risks. These risks highlight the need for comprehensive security measures to protect critical infrastructure.

Malware, ransomware, DDoS attacks, insider threats, and supply chain vulnerabilities are common cyber security threats to OT systems.

A cyber security breach in OT operations can have significant and complex effects, including process disruptions, safety hazards, environmental harm, data issues, financial losses, harm to reputation, and legal consequences.

Strengthening OT cyber security encompasses conducting risk assessments, training employees to recognize threats, and developing skills to bolster workplace security. OT-focused cyber security training equips employees to address cyber security issues, protect vital infrastructure, and cultivate a safer and more resilient work environment.

Being attentive to OT cyber security improves the well-being of both employees and organizations. It enhances employees’ safety, operational stability, and job security while providing skill development and reducing liability. Simultaneously, organizations benefit from competitive advantages, regulatory compliance, and an enhanced market reputation. OT cyber security vigilance contributes to a safer, more resilient, and efficient workplace.

Compliance and regulations significantly impact OT security, requiring strict adherence to specific cyber security standards and practices. To meet these requirements and safeguard critical infrastructure effectively, specialized OT cyber security training is essential.

Common vulnerabilities in OT systems include outdated software, weak authentication, inadequate network segmentation, and susceptibility to insider threats. To effectively address these vulnerabilities, it’s highly recommended to undergo cyber security awareness training to enhance your knowledge and protect critical infrastructure.

If one encounters a cyber security incident, reporting it promptly to the relevant authorities and implementing necessary measures to reduce the associated risk is essential. Enrolling in an OT cyber security course can provide proficiency to respond effectively to such incidents, including timely reporting and mitigation strategies.

Cyber Security measures for OT systems enhance employee safety by preventing accidents and disruptions. Additionally, these measures ensure job security by safeguarding critical infrastructure and maintaining operational continuity.

To identify cyber security issues in OT systems, monitor for abnormal network activity, unauthorized access, system errors, unexpected behavior, unknown devices, unusual data logs, and employee anomalies. Consider enrolling in an OT-focused cyber security course for improved problem recognition and resolution skills.

Common industrial sectors that extensively use OT systems and should prioritize cyber security include manufacturing, energy, transportation, utilities (water, electricity), healthcare (medical devices), and critical infrastructure (e.g., nuclear facilities, dams, etc.) .

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Discover the wide range of customization options available for this course, allowing you to tailor the training to your specific needs and preferences.

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