How do phishing attacks work?

Phishing attacks are a type of cyber-attack in which cybercriminals use fake emails, messages, phone calls, links, or websites that mimic legitimate sources, such as well-known organizations or government agencies, or even pose as a high-level executive of the targeted company.

These attackers use various tactics, such as creating a sense of urgency or offering rewards, to lure victims into clicking on a malicious link or attachment. Once clicked, the link or attachment may download malware onto the victim’s device or redirect them to a phishing website. This allows the attacker to access sensitive information, such as login credentials, financial information, or personal information, which they can use to steal money, access the victim’s accounts, or spread the malware further.